To understand why the Mediterranean Diet is the perfect diet, we have to turn our clock 70 years back.
Until now a lot of experts, books, workshops and analyses of human behaviour of the countries where the Mediterranean Diet is widespread have consolidated the idea of it being a perfect diet.
In 1492, Christopher Columbus landed in the lands he believed were the Indies, discovering America instead. Yet an Italian, Amerigo Vespucci, realized that they were actually another continent.
Later this new country was baptized America (from the name Amerigo), creating in this way an unbreakable bond between Italy and America.
Many centuries later, in 1945, a group of American touched the coasts of Salerno and among them was a doctor named Ancel Keys.
He said he found in Italy “the perfect diet” that was baptized with the name of the Mediterranean Diet.
During his stay, in fact, he was able to observe what appeared as an oddity at his eyes: the inhabitants of that area had an almost total absence of cardiovascular diseases, compared to the population of his country. Seeking an explanation, he found the most obvious answer: the secret was in the quality of the food consumed. This healthy lifestyle, this way of eating, was called Mediterranean Diet and the information necessary to perform it were the so-called “Mediterranean pyramid”.
(Giorgio Calabrese – Losing weight with the Mediterranean diet)
Ancel Benjamin Keys (26 January 1904-20 November 2004) was an American scientist who studied the influence of diet on health. In particular, he suggested that different types of fat in the diet have diversification effects. He examined the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and was responsible for two famous diets: K-rations, formulate balanced meals for soldiers fighting in World War II, and the Mediterranean diet, popularized with his wife Margaret. Science, diet and health were the central themes of his professional and private life.
Details on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ancel_Keys