Tricks to cultivate grasses: seeding and transplant
The annual aromatic (dill, anise, basil, chervil, coriander, cumin, savory) are generally reproduced by seed. The other species, shrubs or trees, can be also reproduced by a part of the plant, technique which allows to obtain adult specimens in extremely short times (compared to sowing) and then makes the cultivation immediately productive. Sowing is usually done in the spring (March-April); a considerable acceleration in the seed germination occurs at external temperatures around 18-20 ° C.
Because of the smallness of the number of plants required, it can take place in simple jars distributing the seeds on the surface of a sand and peat substrate.
When the seedlings reached the optimum size (for annual simply the presence of 4-5 true leaves) we proceed with the transplant in the ground or in small individual containers in the case of shrubs or trees, to facilitate development; the latter will be transferred planted in the following spring.
Tricks to cultivate grasses in the garden
The flower bed more sunny and closer to the garden house will be designed to accommodate the permanent aromatic, while others brave will be used in rotation for annual crop species (parsley, basil, garlic and onions). In the first case, being a surface destined to remain covered by vegetation for several years, it is necessary to properly prepare the ground: we must dig it deep, add on the bottom a good dose of manure or compost, place the plants in function of the height they will reach to optimize solar radiation and prevent that some species cover other hindering proper development.
Essences such as marjoram, lemon balm and peppermint tend, over the years, to expand so as to become intrusive, creating inconvenience to the closest species. To overcome this problem simply arrange stones or barriers around the essence “weed” thus limiting excessive growth.
Tricks to cultivate grasses on sills, balconies or terraces
With a little of aesthetic and imagination sense can be grown on balconies, terraces and window sills even only aromatic for kitchen and still get also valuable aesthetic effects. In fact many species and varieties, medicinal and aromatic, fulfill the requirements to be defined ornamental plants.
In order to choose the best way to distribute pots and plants you need to know as it happens on the terrace the sun’s movement. The choice will have to be carried out in function of exposure and temperature, in particular during the summer season.
Large sunny terraces can receive shadows from plants grown individually in large vessels, such as bay leaves which tends to become quite high, or juniper that has an extremely slow growth, or even the myrtle and lemongrass (Lippa citriodord), somewhere citrus and also from gazebo, pergolas or draperies.
In the shadow of these vessels and on the ground at their feet we will put lower or ground cover essences, also eternal, that are not damaged by little sunny locations.
At the sun, isolated or mixed in bowls, will be located all the Mediterranean species, hardy perennials that love the most complete exposition: lavender, thyme, oregano, sage. Rosemary is preferable to raise it as a single plant for the difficulty of irrigation that manifests especially when it is in a vase. For grasses, usually of smaller size, we can use trays, cassettes or trays, in which arrange them in function of the chromatism of the leaves and of the time of flowering in order to obtain a true multicolour minigarden.
It’s possible to use individual pots, perhaps with the essence name written on the jar or container that can have shapes, sizes and colors different. Usually the recommended size is around 20-25 centimeters. Plant at sapling as chili and savory, can stay very well in pots smaller in size (15 cm).
The size of the vessels must be exemplary proportionate to the one grown: in general it is always good to use small containers, since the more the vessel is larger the greater availability of land and this involves a greater development of roots, to the detriment of the aerial part. The arrangement of the plants must be functional at the height that these can achieve: the higher ones are to be positioned to the north of the terrace or balcony, so that their shadow is projected not onto the underlying species.
It is also useful to separate the perennial species from the annual ones to avoid problems in the performance of various farming operations. The first show up much better if grown in groups, even of different varieties and early spring have to be drastically pruned. In particular, it must take action on woody branches of sage and rosemary eliminating any defective parts increased by lowering the vegetation and promoting the rapid development of the young shoots. On annual ones, but also on mint and lemon balm, we have to provide a continuous trimming during the summer, in part resulting from the collection. This operation involves the continuous formation of new side shoots.
Tricks to cultivate grasses in the garden
Cultivate the herbs in the garden allows you to create games of forms, colors and even scents. We will have beautiful spaces, essential and useful, which require limited maintenance and few agronomic knowledge. Certainly the choice of varieties is very wide today and aromatic essences can ensure the presence of color, very different shapes and sizes that meet the sight, smell and even taste …!
To have always on hand this essences we need corners of the garden, next to the house, well exposed to the sun for most of the day and able to ensure crops a light soft and well drained soil. To all this is added the advantage of cultivating extremely hardy species, which rarely suffer the harmful effects of fungi and insect pests.
In the event that a plant were to become ill it is better to eradicate it and replace it quickly.
For an appropriate selection of species to be used to decorate the garden it is necessary to know the characteristics of the essences that you wish to grow: to form colorful cushions it’s essential thyme or marjoram, for low borders chives or savory, while if you want the highest borders can range from sage and rosemary, perhaps separated by lavender bushes.
In addition to the aesthetic aspect it is very important also the development of aromas: with the aromatic essences may constitute a real perfume garden.
Just a gust of wind or a light touch because it gives off in the air, in every season the dominant aroma essence of that time.
It should, however, cultivating the essences according to the taste and needs of the family, never forgetting that it is necessary to arrange the perennial in specific flowerbed, well considering the distribution of species depending largely on the development that they will have vertically and horizontally and arranging groups of 2-4 plants (maybe of different varieties). Although they are all essentially hardy species still they require some care during the summer: some irrigations, a light fertilizer distribution, some proper cleaning from weeds. The operations on the plant mainly consist of continuous toppings to pick up the material: this allows a better distribution of vegetation in perennials and flowering control in the annual (eg basil).